About Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in the middle of Europe. Rather than as a country in the middle of Europe, we should speak of the Czech Republic as a country in the heart of Europe … after all, the heart is not to be found precisely in the center of the human body either 🙂

Facts and figures

Official name: Czech Republic

Location: Central Europe

Language: Czech

Area: 78,866 sq km

Neighbours: Austria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia

Currency: Czech Crown / CZK

Population: 10.4 million

Capital: Praha / Prague (1.3 million)

Other major cities: Brno (385.000), Ostrava (303.000), Plzeň (170.000), Liberec (102.000), Olomouc (100.000)

Distance from Prague to: Vienna (300 km), Berlin (350 km), Warsaw (600 km), Budapest (500 km), Paris (1.000 km), London (1.000 km), Rome (1.200 km), Oslo (1.300 km)

Flight times from Prague to: Vienna (50 min), Berlin (50 min), Warsaw (1h 15 min), Budapest (1h 15 min), Paris (1h 35 min), London (1h 50 min), Rome (1h 50 min), Oslo (2 h)

Political system: parliamentary republic, double chambre Parliament of 281 representatives

Head of state: president

Membership: European Union, NATO, Schengen Area, OECD, WTO

Religion: every citizen enjoys freedom of religion, more than 50 % of the population describe themselves as agnostic or atheist

Climate: seasonal variations with warm summers, chilly autumns and cold winters

Average temperatures: January -4 °C; July 24 °C

Czech inventions: sugar cubes, contact lenses, semtex, fingerprints, Theory of Cells, blood types , the word “robot”, polarography, arc lamp, lightning conductor, ship’s propeller and more

Famous Czechs: Charles IV. (king), John Amos Comenius (Jan Ámos Komenský – father of modern education), Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (formal president), Václav Havel (formal president), Sigmund Freud (Scientist), Gregor Mendel (Scientist), Jan Evangelista Purkyně (Scientiest), Madeleine Albright (Polician), Franz Kafka (Author), Milan Kundera (Author), Jaroslav Hašek (writer), Antonín Dvořák (Composer), Leoš Janáček (composer), Bedřich Smetana (composer), Miloš Forman (director), Alfons Mucha (painter) and more

Official website of the Czech Republic